After Julius Caesar was assassinated, the Roman Republic was overruled and transformed into the Roman Empire. The Republic had many flaws including the fact that it was based on inheritance, it had no genuine voice for the lower class, women, or slaves, and it was not strong enough to govern effectively and keep its citizens happy during endless wars. Ancient Rome only truly became powerful when it became an empire.
Julius Caesar was a popular dictator of the Roman Republic. He was a successful leader of the military who grew the republic into parts of Spain, Germany, France, Belgium, and Switzerland. He was also well known for writing about his travels, theories, and political views. Alongside Caesar was the Senate, a group of politicians who were not elected and helped shape the government and Roman policy. They resented Caesar’s increasing power and popularity. They called themselves the “Liberators” and invited Caesar to a sporting event where they stabbed him to death 23 times. The Liberators who killed Caesar initially thought they were saving the Roman Republic, but instead, the majority of the Roman public ended up hating them and a long civil war ensued. The conflict arose between Caesar’s adopted son, Octavian, and his general, Marc Antony, with the help of Cleopatra. The winner of the war would gain ultimate control over Rome. The civil war ended when Octavian seized the weak Roman Republic. He went on to rule Rome as its first emperor under the title Caesar Augustus.
The Roman Empire greatly impacted Ancient Rome. Along with this new empire came more advanced technology, a powerful military, and more wealth. There was also more Roman police who helped maintain order and reduce crimes. In addition, women had many more rights. They could own land and businesses, inherit wealth, get a paid job, and more. Also, there were several forms of entertainment that people could attend, like gladiator fights and chariot races, that had free entrance and gave out things to peasants like stale bread loaves. These forms of entertainment kept peasants happy and prevented them from trying to have an uprising.
Before Caesar was assassinated, the government in place was a republic. However, it was somewhat corrupt. Because the senate consisted of all upperclassman, they could easily make decisions that benefited them but not the lower classes. Also, once someone was chosen to be in the senate, they were in it for life. In result, even if a senator was unfair and made bad decisions, there was nothing anyone could do about it. Additionally, any ideas that were proposed by people could be overrode by the senate. With this ability, the senate made all the decisions, some not being beneficial to the people of Rome. Over time, the senate started to take advantage of Rome. They exploited the lower classes, peasants, and farmers by collected taxes. In result, people were becoming angry with government officials who did not have regulations on the amount of tax to collect and were taking more money than needed. To conclude, the death of Julius Caesar ultimately sparked the civil war that would end with Rome becoming an empire. This empire was arguably stronger, more powerful, and better than the republic, although some people may disagree.
Even though the Roman Empire helped greatly improve the government in Ancient Rome, some argue that the republic was better. In the republic, there were two elected consuls that shared the head of the government. The reason behind this was so one person would not hold all the power and try to take control over Rome. Unlike the empire, these consuls only served one year. Therefore, if they weren’t a good leader it would not affect Rome that much because they would be gone after a year. Also, there was a group of people called the plebeians. Although they did not have a lot of power, it still enabled the people of Rome to have a say in decisions the senate made. Lastly, in the empire, emperors made all of the decisions. If they were biased, they could make decisions that did not benefit the empire, but only themselves.
Although the Roman republic was beneficial in some ways, the empire’s many positive impacts on the government outweighed the negative ones. The empire was less corrupt, made Rome wealthier and more powerful, and kept its citizens happy. In conclusion, because Julius Caesar was assassinated, Ancient Rome’s government transformed from a corrupt Roman republic to a new, powerful empire.