Artificial and logistics to deliver quality medicines and technologies.

Artificial intelligence should be added in the healthcare
system because of its great advantages in the healthcare field. Healthcare is a
major factor in a societies or country’s welfare and growth. Healthcare is a
mandatory expenditure for any country since its added on the national budget of
almost every country. There’s an ongoing debate about if every individual in a
society should have healthcare as some don’t see the need for it because they
don’t get sick or injured as often, they don’t believe in free healthcare, they
can’t afford healthcare and also the fact that they pay for healthcare and end
up not using it while it benefits other people. What is a good healthcare or
health system?? As stated by the world health Organization (WHO) on their
website, “a good health system is one that delivers quality services to all
people, when and where they need them. The exact configuration of services
varies from country to country, but in all cases requires a strong financing
system; a well-trained and adequately paid workforce; reliable information on
which to base decisions and policies; well-maintained facilities and logistics
to deliver quality medicines and technologies.

 

Healthcare is a big issue in different societies today as
stated in the above definition by the world health organization, therefore
improvements and solutions to healthcare issues are beneficial to the whole
world. I believe for this improvement and solutions to happen, the introduction
of Artificial Intelligence into different aspects of healthcare is imminent and
necessary. The introduction of A.I in the field of healthcare has come with its
own benefits, it has improved the outlook of healthcare services in different
societies and has also helped the society to take notice of their health and
livelihoods.  Artificial intelligence in
healthcare has led to great discoveries in science, efficiency in finding
solutions and also problems with patients, better methods of treatment and drug
creation, new employment opportunities in healthcare, educational and research
activities in healthcare, the healthcare workers have become more efficient and
knowledgeable in what they do, it has improved the accuracy and security of
patient’s information, and many other aspects. A.I in healthcare still has a
long way to go but has definitely improved the healthcare system today and will
continue doing so in the future.

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In a survey by techemergence, 50 plus healthcare executives
were asked about different applications and issues of artificial Intelligence
in healthcare and some of the topics asked were about the adoption of A.I in
healthcare by the year 2025, the need for A.I healthcare case studies, decision
support systems to improve patient care, hospitals main outcome for purchasing
A.I technologies, and A.I’s help to improve chronic conditions, these were the
main points discussed with the executives. The following are some of the
highlights of the survey from techemergence; A.I in healthcare by the year
2025: Over 50% of the executives believe that AI will be everywhere in
healthcare by 2025. The need for A.I healthcare case studies: Nearly 50% of US
companies believe that the healthcare industry “needs to be convinced further
of Return of Investment from Artificial Intelligence investments”. A.I’s help
to improve chronic conditions: “Chronic Conditions” was listed in nearly
one-half of responses when execs were asked to predict patient care improvement
across ailments. Of the specific conditions mentioned under “Chronic
Conditions”, “Diabetes” topped the list at nearly 30% of the mentions. “Cancer”
was less popular, and was listed by slightly over one-third of respondents. Of
course different executives were split on different issues but a number of them
were leaning towards A.I in the hospitals in most of the issues named above.

 

Before we talk about the benefits of Artificial intelligence
in healthcare, let’s first talk about the element that will boost or catalyze
the success of both A.I and healthcare implementation to the public and health
facilities. These are healthcare professionals and organizations; the
healthcare system of any society consists of many health professionals and
organizations, and these individuals or group of individuals operate in
different branches of healthcare and these branches include and are not limited
to surgery, medicine, psychology and other branches. In order for the success
of artificial intelligence in the healthcare system, health professionals need
to be informed and educated to the workings of the different A.I systems that
will be implemented in the healthcare industry in specific branches of
healthcare. This information is needed by them to provide world class service
to the patients and also to be able to encourage more health care
organizations, personnel and patients or customers to utilize these A.I
systems.

 

Back in 2015, the U.S bureau of Labor statistics reported
over 12.4 million health care jobs in the United States alone. The healthcare
profession covers a number of professionals especially because of the really
high demand in every society in both urban and rural areas and this profession
keeps growing every passing year and still has more potential for job growth.
The U.S bureau of Labor statistics also reported that; “Employment of
healthcare occupations is projected to grow 18 percent from 2016 to 2026, much
faster than the average for all occupations, adding about 2.3 million new jobs.
Healthcare occupations are projected to add more jobs than any of the other
occupational groups”. Since this is already a large group and is still growing,
they need some convincing about the A.I before they can encourage the public to
use these systems.

 

This brings us to our first benefit of employment. The white
house council of economic advisers in their annual white house report, reported
that new employment opportunities for A.I will be introduced in the society, in
the form of engagement, development and supervision. Companies and
organizations will require their employees to engage with the A.I in the form
of taking patients history, medications, health issues and entering them into
the A.I database, taking neuroimages and different body scans of a patient with
A.I equipment, helping to develop new and improved technologies used by the
hospital, supervising the use of different A.I equipment and many other
responsibilities to do with A.I. These jobs will keep growing as different A.I
become complex and thus more highly skilled workers will be required for those
other jobs. As the A.I research grows, knowledge about A.I and machine learning
will grow and thus improving both fields of A.I and healthcare.

 

IBM Watson health is a great example of Artificial
Intelligence in healthcare, there main purpose or goal is to help the public in
health solutions in different aspects of healthcare. They offer a wide array of
healthcare services like they help to protect patient data for different
hospitals, they connect patients to health professionals, they also work hard
on cancer care and many other functions they offer. IBM Watson health is well
known in the A.I and healthcare field and this tells us that Artificial
Intelligence in Healthcare has been around for a while and is still growing to
the public. IBM Watson health is creating jobs and has employed a number of
employees every passing year to help with their goals as a company and also to
reach different regions of the world.

 

Artificial intelligent databases like google has helped
people keep up with both their health and health necessities and also helped to
link patients to health professionals in different fields like dentists,
clinics, dermatologists and other health professions. Leaving in a google
search world today, a lot of people when sick or require to see a health
profession in any field, they google search the desired health worker and get
into contact with them for their health care needs. A.I systems in health care
systems have made it easy for healthcare professionals to contact patients for
different issues like appointments, health reports, health insurance and many
other processes.

 

Information is explained easier to patients with artificial
intelligence. AI systems have stored a lot of information about different
health issues and also have online health professionals to help answer
questions on different health issues. Online health workers or Chatbots work
24/7 online or offline answering questions for different patients, answers are
either answered immediately or answers are given after a certain time but it
doesn’t take that long. The availability of health professionals  and health information online, is a great
asset especially in this internet era we leaving in today, this makes
information gathering a lot easier and faster, thus finding solutions to
different health issues quick and making decisions faster. This has saved
people’s lives, saved people from panicking and making mistakes, saved them
from making the wrong decisions in treating different health issues and also
has made more people more knowledgeable about different health issues.

 

Drug Companies are applying Artificial intelligence in the
creation of new drugs. For example Atomwise. Atomwise is a company that uses
artificial intelligence to help discover and create new medicines. In the past
2 years, they have been deployed to help create new potential medicines for 27
disease targets. They have had some success with the Ebola virus back in 2015;
Atomwise launched a virtual search for safe, existing medicines that could be
reconfigured to treat the Ebola virus. These two drugs were discovered by the
company’s A.I system, a process that would take humans a long time and was
processed in a few minutes or hours. Other successes include, promising
compounds for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, work in cancer, malaria, and
metabolic diseases. These companies are giving hope to the human race,
especially those in the chronic disease area. People and A.I putting countless
hours of time and energy to help treat these diseases and health disorders
improves healthcare in any area or country.

 

Artificial intelligence is still being studied in different
fields including and majorly in different healthcare fields. Research in health
Care entails a lot of studies like neuroscience, nephrology, cardiology and
many other studies of living things. Almost all these studies have made strides
to improve or confirm their research and in this case, I’ll talk about
neuroscience. Great strides have been achieved in neuroscience due to A.I
technology involvement and improvement every year, in this field for example
neuroimaging. Neuroimaging is known as brain imaging. Neuroscience has been a
major success due to artificial intelligence. Alot of research has been saved
on supercomputers and algorithms to help neuroscientists make solutions or
conclusions faster on their findings. A.I has also helped explain complex
research material to students researching, studying, about really complex
health issues, and thus used as a study guide in schools, hospitals, clinics
and many other places.

 

Organizations like Deepmind Health are doing extensive
research in the healthcare field and its applications to the society. The
Deepmind health mains goals as stated on their website are the following; first,
to make a practical difference to patients, nurses and doctors and support the
NHS (U.K.’s National Health Service) and other healthcare systems. Secondly, to
make DeepMind Health a self-sustaining initiative, through hospitals choosing
to pay us for our software if they think they can have a positive impact on
clinical outcomes and experience. Deepmind Health as a company depends on
Artificial intelligence to help formulate solutions to the healthcare system
issues now and in the future in different aspects.

 

Although Artificial Intelligence is a really big advantage
to the healthcare system in almost all its aspects, its introduction to the
healthcare system will drive healthcare prices and insurances premiums and
prices up. This will discourage a lot of individuals as majority of the public
are not in the rich or upper class, most of the healthcare services are used by
the middle and lower working classes and they have limited income to spend on
this increased healthcare prices. This of course this can be avoided by
changing or improving the healthcare bill for both the rich and the
middle/lower class citizens.

 

Artificial intelligence will need to be understood by the
employees and the public, in order for them to be effectively used. Some
individuals or people are still not comfortable or don’t understand artificial
intelligence fully, so they need the help of employees, friends, families and
information about the different Artificial intelligent products before
accepting their results.

 

Face to face interaction with a Doctor, psychologist, nurse
or any other health professional is really important to some people because
they feel, they need to be physically examined, they need more information,
they don’t want to share their health information with A.I and many other
reasons. This part of the doctor patient relationship is really important as
being able to have a conversation about your health with your personal doctor
is more assuring than having a machine spit out solutions and giving you
orders.

 

Introduction of Artificial intelligence in healthcare will
take away a number of jobs from the health profession. They are inventing A.I
to carry out the repetitive tasks in healthcare like signing in patients,
taking patient information, analyzing scans and many other jobs, now less or no
individuals will be needed to carry out those specific duties. As much as jobs
will be created for the different A.I in healthcare, more jobs will be lost in
the process.

 

Artificial Intelligence in the healthcare system will
benefit health care a lot in different aspects, no more face to face
appointments if not necessary, misdiagnosis will be very rare, no missing your
medication, patient information will be easily accessed  and other aspects will also improve. It will
definitely come with a high or expensive investment but will cut costs for
future jobs or duties in different aspects. A.I is still gradually growing not
only in healthcare but even other fields like transportation, buildings and
infrastructures, and many other fields. Public awareness is the biggest and
most important issue A.I inventors or users are striving for, if every
individual could embrace and understand A.I, a lot of promising and great
results will be produced if everyone is onboard. A Lot of great discoveries
have been made and will continue to be made in A.I in the healthcare system, so
I urge the organizations and governments to promote this idea.

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