Covenant (covenant) that they had with God. He tells

Covenant
theology is considered to be theology based on the two covenants, covenants of
works and covenants of grace, but there is also a third one that has been
discussed, covenant of redemption as leading categories for the understanding
of the entire Bible. Covenant of works is when God promised life to Adam, which
means that Adam would have eternal life by his own works. But then Adam sinned
against God and failed the covenant of works. Once Adam failed the covenant of
works God then made covenant of grace. Covenant of grace would allow everyone
who believed from that day forward to be saved by believing the gospel message,
the “Good News.” The third covenant has been introduced by reformed theologians
and that is covenant of redemption. Covenant of redemption is based upon that
God promised eternal life before the world began and therefore man was created.1

The dispensational viewpoint of all the covenants
is this: The Book of Hosea states, “but they have broken the agreement as Adam
did; they have been unfaithful to me.”2 Hosea addressed God’s
people in Israel and Judah and tells them they have broken the agreement
(covenant) that they had with God. He tells them that they are like Adam, which
refers to the first sin commonly called the Fall, that nowhere else is it
described as the break of an agreement. It is from Hosea that we learn that
there was something comparable to a formal agreement between God and Adam at
the time of Adam’s sin.

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            The Book of Genesis states, “I will
make you and the woman enemies to each other. Your descendants and her
descendants will be enemies. One of her descendants will crush your head, and
you will bite his heel.”3 This verse is the first
indication that there are only two groups of people in the world. One group is
made up of the descendants of the woman who are the followers of God. The
second group of people in the world are all those who do not follow God. Jesus
is the descendant of the woman who defeats Satan. These words are often taken
to be the first indication of a promise (grace) from God that he would provide
salvation for the curse of sin. The predictions of a lessor blow to the descendants
of the woman and the greater blow to the serpent are references to Satan’s
partial victories over mankind and God’s total victory over Satan at the cross.

            Last but not least, there is redemption.
Covenant of redemption is supposed to be the “the agreement between the Father,
giving the son as Head and Redeemer of the elect, and the Son, voluntarily taking
the place of those whom the Father had given him.”4 It states in Titus 1:2, “that
faith and the knowledge come from the hope for life forever, which God promised
to us before time began. And God cannot lie.”5

            To simply sum it up, dispensationalist has more evidence of
the existence of the specific dispensations than covenant theologian of work
and grace. In covenant theology, it is said that it is used to understand the Old
testament by the New. With the forced interpretation of the Old Testament by covenant
theology, it produces artificial scripture. This is the misunderstanding of nondispensationalist
against covenant theology. If the information is relevant to bring accusations against
dispensationalism, it is equally relevant to bring similar charges against covenant
theology.6 Either way, dispensationalism
and covenant theology both talk about salvation.

1 Charles F.
Baker, A Dispensational Theology,
(Grace Publications, 1194) Pg. 93-94

2
Joel B Green, Ph.D., &
Tremper Longman, III, Ph.D., The Everyday
Study Bible, (Word Publishing,
                1990) pg. 1026

3
Joel B Green, Ph.D., &
Tremper Longman, III, Ph.D., The Everyday
Study Bible, (Word Publishing,
                1990) pg. 1340

4 Charles C.
Ryrie, Dispensationalism, (Moody Publishers,
2007) pg. 214

5
Joel B Green, Ph.D., &
Tremper Longman, III, Ph.D., The Everyday
Study Bible, (Word Publishing,
                1990) pg. 1340

 

6 Charles C. Ryrie, Dispensationalism, (Moody Publishers, 2007)
pg. 223-224

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