Disabled” because of a boy’s death, reported in a

Disabled” is a poem written by Wilfred Owen, who was a soldier in the First World War and was one of the leading poets at the time. His poems are generally realistic and this is the case for the poem “Disabled” which is observational, written in the first person, from his experience. “Disabled” is about violence, mutation and war, as well as society’s reaction to it. “Out Out—” is a narrative poem, published in 1916, set in one long stanza. Though not confirmed, many say Frost wrote the poem because of a boy’s death, reported in a newspaper in 1901. Frost was seen as a ‘farmer-poet’, an outsider in his community of the Massachusetts. “Out Out’s—” title has been taken from Macbeth ‘Out out brief candle’ in this part of the play he ponders the pointlessness of life. In Frost’s poem societies reaction is seen, like Wilfred Owen’s, and is made very blunt. In ‘Disabled and ‘Out Out—’ the poets uses imagery to create set the scene. The phrase, ‘He sat in a wheeled chair, waiting for dark,” tells the reader metaphorically the man is disabled. Owen also uses the phrase, ‘shivered in his ghastly suit of grey,’ this along with he wheelchair, tells the reader that he’s ill equipped for the environment that he is in, a evocative image is portrayed to the reader because of the detail Owen is going into. Owen uses words such as, ‘glow’ and ‘light’ which both have connotations of light and happiness, which starkly contrasts with he situation the main character is in. In ‘Out Out—’ Frost uses the phrase ‘Five mountain ranges one behind the other Under the sunset far into Vermont.’ Like Owen, Frost has created a contrasting setting, with the machinery mentioned in the poem giving off a opposite feeling to the serene setting of the five mountain ranges. Frost and Owen both foreshadow the tragedy to come. There are several words at the start of the poem, starting with “S.” This is a form of alliteration used to show a negative situation. Frost also mentions the phrase, “dark of ether,” when the doctor comes later to help. This warns the reader that the boy will soon die. In ‘Out Out—’ the phrase is never mentioned in the poem. The title is a reference to Shakespeare, where in in the famous play Macbeth, Act 5 scene 5 of the play the quote “Out out, brief candle” is written. Shakespeare’s play Macbeth is a tragedy, which foreshadows death. In Owen’s poem, the title disabled draws a vivid image of hopelessness. Telling the reader that the poem is called disabled, depicts a dreadful image in the readers mind because disabled as connotations of accidents and horror. Owen also foreshadows death by writing “he sat in a wheeled chair, waiting for dark.” Waiting for dark informs the reader that he has nothing good to look forward too, and doesn’t have much left in him. In ‘Out Out—’ and ‘Disabled’ the poet depicts the main characters as youthfully out of their depth.  Frost and Owen manage this by making the characters youthful. Owen writes in the fourth stanza that he lied about his age to get into the military. “Smiling they wrote his lie aged nineteen years.” Frost uses the same technique writing, “Doing a man’s work, though a child at heart.” This tells the reader the child is doing a man’s job, out of his depth, this is supported when Frost writes, “snarling” and “rattling” which is a animalisticonomatopoeia. Frost makes the reader notice that the boy is overworked through repetition, “And the saw snarled and rattled, snarled and rattled.” The reader gets a repetitive sense of the task, sawing wood. This also gives the reader a more vivid sensory experience. Owen also replicates “Voices of”, which emphasis the sounds of boys playing in contrast with his loneliness. Frost and Owen make it seem like the characters had a life ahead of them, making the main characters lives seem shortened. The phrase “Now, he is old; … And half his lifetime lapsed in the hot race” and the phrase “poured it down the shell-holes” tells the reader he has lost a significant chunk of his life due to the war. The line, “Now, he will spend a few sick years in institutes” and the phrase “touch him like some queer disease” tells the reader the few years that he has left won’t be spent pleasantly. In ‘Out Out—’ the reiteration of ‘boy’ twice then ‘child’ draws attention to his youth, then makes heavy use of punctuation, which makes the boy slip away, from “little” to “less” to “nothing.” The pause slows down the tempo of the poem, emphasising his life being drawn away.  

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