Education given priority for education sector development as the

Education
supported with technology is a tool to change the life of one society from
traditional way of leaving to modern society. According to
African Development Bank, the World Bank and the African Union (2011)
“Education forms the basis for developing innovation, science and technology,
in order to harness our resources, industrialize, and participate in the global
knowledge economy and for Africa to take its rightful place in the global
community”.  So that ICT
is becoming the common practice in all aspects of human life like businesses,
education, politics and social life (Alemu 2015). According to UNESCO (2005) in
education amendment is required to progress with the technological changes in
21st century. In this century developments in technological tools
for education, research and development, innovation and inventions are in quick
progress. To cope up with this changing technological movement integration of
ICT in teaching and learning is important. 

In Ethiopia education system was started
around 1800 with the aim of training teachers. Latter the current government of
Ethiopia is given priority for education sector development as the role player
for the economic development of the country. To support the sector the
government designed a policy which is encouraging education sector (Education
system Ethiopia 2015). According to Education for All 2015 National Review (2015)
the Ethiopian government focused on science and technology field of study to
achieve the national transformation and growth plan of the government to be
competitive in this information age. 
Quality of education, equipping education sector managers, harmonizing
curriculums, using technological tools in teaching and learning is highest
priority of the Ethiopian government.

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Ministry of capacity Building (2006)
come up with the objective of deploying ICT in Universities to support
teaching-learning and research activities taking place in higher learning
institutions of Ethiopia. This initiative is focused on the issues like
reducing differences in computer distribution within universities; use of computer
for teaching and learning; limited access to Internet and low fund for ICT
infrastructure development. Hare in 2007 conducted a survey indicating ICT and
Education in Africa: Ethiopian in focus. In his study depending on ministry of
education survey almost all higher learning institutions in Ethiopia have
computers but few in numbers and 1 computer is shared by more than 8 students.
He also indicated that these computers are not connected to Internet for
teaching and learning purpose. Alemu (2015) suggested that the learners and
teachers in higher learning institutions or education systems should use ICT in
their teaching and learning practice because education cannot achieve its
objective without using ICT. As indicated by Ministry of Education (2015) the
Ethiopian government gave attention to the development of Information and
Communication Technology application in education to enhance teaching and
learning. In this plan period of Education Sector Development Programme V (ESDP
V) (2015/16 – 2019/20 G.C.) the integration of ICT in teaching and learning will
get priority from the government side in Ethiopia.

The focus of this study is on the
integration of ICT in teaching and learning to enhance educational quality in
Ethiopian higher learning institutions. Therefore, it is intended to look the
existence of information and communication technologies for teaching and
learning, the understanding and skill of the stake holders to integrate ICT in
teaching and learning in their institutions, the factors affecting the
integration of ICT into teaching and learning practices of Ethiopian
Universities and the strategies, approaches and plans for the integration of
ICT in teaching and learning. Finally, a theoretical framework will be designed
to support the integration of ICT into teaching and learning process of higher
learning institutions of Ethiopia: Jimma and Wolaitasodo universities. 

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