PLace

'Ammuqa

Place
'Ammuqa — عَمُّوقَة
District
Galilee
Subdistrict
Safad
Average Elevation
450 m
Distance from Safad
5 km
Population
Year Arab Total
1931 108 108
1944/45 140 140
Land Ownership (1944/45) in dunums
Year Arab Public Total
1944/45 2571 3 2574
Land Use (1944/45) in dunums
Use Arab Public Total
Non-Cultivable & Built-up (Total)
Use Arab Public Total
Non-Cultivable 1182 3 1185
Built-up 30 30
1212 3 1215 (47%)
Cultivable (Total)
Use Arab Total
Cereal 1164 1164
Plantation and Irrigable 195 195
1359 1359 (53%)
Number of Houses (1931)
17

The village was situated on the southern slopes of Mount Kan'an, and faced north and northeast. Its name may have been derived from the Syriac word 'ammiqa, which meant 'deep' or 'low in elevation.' The village was known as 'Ammuqa during the Crusader period. In 1596, 'Ammuqa was a village in the nahiya of Jira (liwa' of Safad) with a population of 391. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, and olives, as well as on other types of produce and property, such as goats, beehives, and vineyards. In modern times, 'Ammuqa was small enough to be classified as a hamlet in the Mandate-era Palestine Index Gazetteer. Its population was entirely Muslim. The village was locally known for its seven springs. Its economy was based on agriculture; the villagers grew grain for the most part, although in the 1942/43 season 66 dunums were planted with olive trees. In 1944/45 a total of 1,164 dunums was allocated to cereals; 195 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards. Several ancient ruins were in the vicinity, including an archaeological site that contained stone tombs. There were also two khirbas nearby, which contained fragments of columns and stone inscriptions.

'Ammuqa fell on 24 May 1948 as a result of a Palmach attack that was part of Operation Yiftach (see Abil al-Qamh, Safad sub-disctrict). The villagers evacuated 'Ammuqa as a result of the pressure of Jewish shelling, fear of being harmed if captured, and fear of being caught in the crossfire of the fighting armies.

 

The settlement of 'Ammuqa (199267), founded in 1980, is 1 km southeast of the village site, on village land.

Nothing remains of the village but the rubble of houses; the site is overgrown with cactuses and eucalyptus, fig, and olive trees. Much of the land around the site is wooded, and some parts are cultivated by the settlement of 'Ammuqa.