PLace

Khirbat Bayt Far

Place
Khirbat Bayt Far — خربة بَيْت فار
District
Lydda
Subdistrict
Ramla
Average Elevation
125 m
Distance from Al Ramla
14 km
Population
Year Arab Total
1931 26
1944/45 300 300
Land Ownership (1944/45) in dunums
Year Arab Public Total
1944/45 5457 147 5604
Land Use (1944/45) in dunums
Use Arab Public Total
Non-Cultivable & Built-up (Total)
Use Arab Public Total
Non-Cultivable 101 147 248
101 147 248 (4%)
Cultivable (Total)
Use Arab Total
Cereal 5337 5337
Plantation and Irrigable 19 19
5356 5356 (96%)
Number of Houses (1931)
11

The village stood on an elevated, flat spot at the eastern edge of the central coastal plain. It overlooked a broad hilly area that was bounded on the north and south by two tributaries of Wadi al-Sarar that passed the village some 1.5 km to the southwest. A secondary road of about 1.5 km linked the village to a highway that connected Gaza with the Ramla-Jerusalem highway. Both Edward Robinson, an American biblical scholar who traveled in Palestine in the nineteenth century, and the surveyors who carried out research for the Survey of Western Palestine in the 1870s, describe the site during their visits as an abandoned village with modern walls and foundations. Khirbat Bayt Far was laid out in a circular pattern. Its houses were built of cement and mud, clustered together and separated by narrow alleys. Its entire population was Muslim. The majority of villagers worked in animal husbandry and rainfed agriculture, cultivating vegetables and fruits and using parts of their lands as pastures. In 1944/45 a total of 5,337 dunums was allocated to cereals; 19 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards. A khirba that carried the village's name lay next to it, which suggests that the site had a long history of habitation.

It is difficult to determine exactly when this village was first entered by Haganah forces. It may have been captured during Operation Nachshon, but more likely it was captured during Operation Makkabi.

The settlement of Beyt Pe'er was founded on village lands in 1948. Its name was later changed to Tal Shachar ('Dawn') (140134), which is a rough translation of the family name of Henry Morgenthau, an American supporter of the Zionist movement.

All that is left of the village are debris and girders heaped together in a small area. The site is ringed by carob trees. The remains of an uprooted olive grove lie to the north and east.