The United Nations has one hundred and ninety-three member

The United Nations was established in 1945 on the back of the devastation that was created by World War 2. This international organization was created to foster communication between its one hundred and ninety-three member states to achieve specific global goals throughout the world. During the spring of 1945, fifty countries affected by the devastation of World War 2 gathered in San Francisco California to draft the UN Charter for the express purpose of preventing the outbreak of war and even avoiding the possibility of a third world war. By working as a team, the United Nations hopes to control and sustain peace between armed and naturally vulnerable countries around the globe. Over the past seventy two years, the United Nations has sought to keep peace throughout the globe, while developing friendly relations among the nations of the world by bringing each other together to work and improve the lives of impoverished countries as they seek to become the center for harmonising the actions taken by every nation participating in their overall mission. As of 2017, the United Nations has one hundred and ninety-three member states that are comprised of approximately one hundred and twenty thousand peacekeepers working among sixteen peace operation carried out in over four continents. As a major international organization, the United Nations raises about twelve and a half billion dollars to fund humanitarian aid following emergencies across the globe while also assisting over thirty-four million refugees throughout their struggle to flee hardship and persecution from their own nations. With all this in mind, the United Nations also is responsible for the vaccination of about fifty-eight perfect of children around the globe. With one hundred and ninety-three member states to please, the United Nations deals with many matters such as economics, social policy, human rights, and even culture on a daily basis. Although these four topics are very pressing matters throughout the world today, the most important parts of the United Nations are divided into six different operational bodies. The first main part of the United Nations is a select place where all the nations meet and come together called the General Assembly or also known as G.A. As the General Assembly continues to meet annually in September, all one hundred and ninety three internationally recognized member states of the United Nations are represented and brought together to discuss and debate issues on global security and diplomacy around the world. As the General Assembly discusses and decides on important questions and topics, such as those on global peace and security throughout the member states, or the admission of new members such as the GA President, these votes require a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly while other decisions on other questions are by simple majority.For many, the General Assembly is viewed as the most important operational bodies because of their power to elect and appoint members such as a GA President who serves a one-year term in office who will regulate and maintain all other five bodies throughout the United Nations. The second arm of the United Nations is called the Security Council (S.C). Often viewed as the enforcement mechanism of the United Nations, the Security Council exists to prevent global conflict through all member and nonmember states around the world. The Security Council achieves these goals by often promoting peace through diplomacy or sanctions for each individual Member State. The Security Council is however allowed to authorize the use of necessary force if a Member State continues to ignore the promotion of peace by the other Member States throughout the United Nations. The Security Council of the United Nations consists of five permanent members which include Russia, France, China, Great Britain, and the United States who were all winning powers throughout the duration of World War 2. The Security Council does, however, consist of another ten non-permanent members who represent Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and Western Europe who are elected for two year terms by the General Assembly during their September General Assembly session in New York City to make sure that major world regions do in fact have representation. Although throughout the Security Council the non-permanent member’s power has become very limited, the five permanent members of the Security Council have the capability to veto other members decisions. In the past, many Member States have been in uproar through the use of this function by countries such as the United States and Russia. The United States has used the veto on seventy-nine occasions between 1946 and 2016 including dozens of resolutions against Israel for their actions in the middle east. Even though the United States has used its veto power more than any other permanent member, Russia still has used their veto power on one hundred and twenty-two occasions which has become more than any other of the five permanent members of the Security Council. Once the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council have formed and agreed to peaceful global resolutions, those resolutions than are carried out and executed by the United Nations Peacekeeping Force which consists of around one hundred thousand soldiers from around the globe. Both the General Assembly and the Security Council pass what are called resolutions to make policy for the world. The United Nations have been responsible for eradicating polio in Africa and dealing with problems of debt or problems of other diseases spreading. The United Nations have made it a very important point in making sure that human rights are observed. To this day, the most famous document in the United Nations is the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights which has been ratified and kept by many countries throughout the world today. Another important part of the United Nations is the Economic and Social Council or otherwise known as (ECOSOC). The Economic and Social Council consists of fifty-four member who are elected for three-year terms by the General Assembly during their September General Assembly session in New York City. While covering a broad mandate of all economic, social, and environmental concerns, these elects work to promote standards of living and promote human rights around the globe. While the United Nations mostly is centered around helping developing countries, the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations works with special agencies like the World Health Organization to assist those nations while holding the responsibility of all organizations who spend about seventy percent of the United Nations budget on endorsing those impoverished or developing countries. The Secretariat are the permanent internal administrative workers who carry out the day to day work of the United Nations. Daily, the forty-three thousand staff members write reports, communicate between the different Member State councils, and deliver services such as peacekeeping, humanitarian affairs, treaty, and legal qualification that are vital to the consistency of the United Nations. The judicial arm of the United Nations is the International Court of Justice. Together, the International Court of Justice works to settle international legal disputes between the Member States for the United Nations. The International Court of Justice started work in 1946 for the United Nations and to date is the only United Nations body that resides outside of New York City instead choosing to locate to the Netherlands. Amongst the International Court of Justice, there are fifteen judges who are elected for nine-year terms who can hear cases brought from the individual Member States or provide advisory opinions if requested by one of the six other operational United Nation bodies. Even though the five countries with significant power (Russia, France, China, Great Britain, and the United States) may have listened and heard the opinions of the fifteen elected judges, they can often refuse to comply with their decisions. Finally, the Trusteeship Council of the United Nations was created in 1945 to help look after developing territories and states until they become strong enough to be considered independent countries. Unfortunately, the Trusteeship Council has been suspended since 1994 but not until after they helped over seventy developing countries gain independence. By guiding these countries to independence, the Trusteeship Council was very important during the early years of the United Nations after many countries were damaged by the overwhelming effects of World War 2. Since its establishment in 1945, the United Nations has seen incredible advancement in fighting hunger, poverty, and child mortality. As seen before both World Wars, a world without constant peaceful communication and cooperation would be considerably worse and the major effects that the United Nations has on a broken world would be wasted. 

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