“Who are more resistant than their ancestors therefore they

“Who am I?”
is an existential question that has perplexed the minds of all humans from the
least educated, to the brightest minds humanity has ever witnessed. Even the
most elite thinkers such as scientists, philosophers and religious theorists haven’t
been able to come close to unravelling the mystery of this abstract subject. This
question has triggered these latter thinkers to succeed in their respective
fields in order to probably reach the ultimate truth about human existence. However,
none of them have reached common grounds, and this subject has created a
long-living controversy.

 

First of all,
according to the famous Charles Darwin, humans are descendants of less evolved
animals and that originates from certain genetic mutations that were essential
to the survival of the new breed. This process is known as “the natural
selection”. Each descendant known to be more resistant to natural factors is selected
to survive. Based on this theory, humans are more resistant than their
ancestors therefore they are able to survive the harsh conditions present on
our planet.   Science -specifically
biology- considers the human as a genetically coded creature, whom every
characteristic is featured in one of his forty-six chromosomes. The human body
is composed mostly of water, proteins, fats, carbs, bones and DNA. These
molecules define the various physiological systems, through which any human
being operates, being: Cardiovascular (which supplies the cells with oxygen and
nutrients), Nervous (Controls the body’s mobility and connection with the outer
world), Digestive (Supplies nutrients to the bloodstream and performs excretion),
Urogenital (Assures human continuity through reproduction as well filters the
blood from waste), Respiratory (Supplies bloodstream with vital oxygen), etc.

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Psychology,
on the other hand, sees and assesses humans through their minds, which have the
capacity to reason, make decisions and interact with other minds. This ability
is what makes humans stand out from other species sharing their world. According
to Sigmund Freud, the human mind is divided into the three following parts: conscious
mind, subconscious mind, and unconscious. The conscious mind helps us direct
our focus and imagine what is not real. It also helps us be aware of our
surroundings and any events that occur in our environment. Therefore the human
is mostly an imagining force, by his imagination, the human spirit detaches
from the real and flies through a world full of inventions and creations. This is
the desire for autonomy, the desire to be differentiated from his physical surroundings.
Subconscious mind contains the short-term memory as well as information about
our daily life such as certain behaviors and habits. Human behavior and thought
reveal the presence of inner forces that are precisely oriented towards a goal:
the tendencies. According to Condillac, human desire and orientation are the
result of experience and sensitive whereas Ribot affirms that tendencies are
motor manifestations, and a movement at his base. This being said, we can
assume that the human isn’t totally in control of his actions but reveals a certain
passiveness. And lastly, the unconscious mind stores all of the old memories
and past experiences as well as beliefs. It also harbors all of our innate
emotions which make humans, humans.  In
fact, memories define who we are. A person who has lost his memory would have
also lost his own identity. Briefly, the human is not a tangible body, but
rather a collection of thoughts, behaviors, beliefs, and emotions, all governed
by the brain’s central unit.

 

Lastly, religion perceives
the spirit and the body as complementary components of the actual human, who
was created by the only God on the sixth day of Creation and He said: “let us
make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the
fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over
all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the Earth.”
Genesis 1:26. The Holy Bible explains that God made man from dust and breathed
life into his body and so Adam and Eve were created who became the ancestors of
the current human population. Religion believes that humans must nourish their
spirit as much as they do to their bodies and this is done through prayer and
ethical behavior. After all, the human body is dead without a healthy soul.
Furthermore, we must not neglect our bodies which are temples for the soul and
they must be respected: any attempt to harm the body is considered a sin
towards its Creator.  

 

 

Who am I? The very fact that we can ask this
question says a lot about us. Am I an ape or a civilized caveman. Am I the
knowledge of my ancestors or the ignorance of my particular self? The
empilement of the past or the ambiguity of the future. An assembly of atoms
resulting from the so-called Big Bang, or the son of God. I am a lover, a son,
a brother. I am a seeker of emotions, seeker of knowledge. Nothing can define
me, I define myself. I am a doctor, who’s job is to heal my patients. I am not
God, but a small instrument used by God to fulfill His will. “Remember Man, For
You Are Dust And To Dust You Shall Return”.

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