PLace

al-Shuna

Place
al-Shuna — الشُونَة
District
Galilee
Subdistrict
Safad
Average Elevation
50 m
Distance from Safad
6 km
Population
Year Arab Total
1931 337 337
1944/45 170 170
Land Ownership (1944/45) in dunums
Year Arab Public Total
1944/45 3476 184 3660
Land Use (1944/45) in dunums
Use Arab Public Total
Non-Cultivable & Built-up (Total)
Use Arab Public Total
Non-Cultivable 2481 130 2611
2481 130 2611 (71%)
Cultivable (Total)
Use Arab Public Total
Cereal 995 54 1049
995 54 1049 (29%)
Number of Houses (1931)
65

The village stood on a hill that overlooked the deep gorge of Wadi al-'Amud, to the northeast of Lake Tiberias. Some of its houses, also, were built on the edge of the wadi, opposite the hill. A number of trails along the wadis linked it to the neighboring villages and khirbas, and a road (constructed after 1947) connected it to highways leading to Safad, Tiberias, and Acre. The Bedouin of the 'Arab al-Sayyad and al-Qudayrat tribes pitched their tents near the eastern edge of the village. AI-Shuna's houses were made of mud and stone and formed a nearly circular pattern. Because the rough bluffs west and southeast of the village hemmed it in from those directions, new housing was built towards the west. Its population was predominantly Muslim. It had a few shops, a mosque, and a school. The villagers dug wells at the foot of the hills on the west side to collect rain water for drinking. In 1944/45 they planted a total of 995 dunums in cereals. Khirbat al-Shuna, nearby, contained the ruins of a former village, the houses of which were built of basalt; to the south of it lay Khirbat Sirin.

No definite date is given for the fall of al-Shuna, but its location makes it likely that it came under occupation during Operation Yiftach (see Abil al-Qamh, Safad sub-disctrict). The village may have been entered in late April-early May, along with several neighboring villages, in preparation for the assault on Safad. There is no record of subsequent events in the village.

There are no Israeli settlements on village lands.

The hill on which the village was built is now fenced in and contains crumbled stone walls from the destroyed houses. In addition, there are two deserted, almost-intact stone houses with arched doors and windows in Wadi al-'Amud. The surrounding lands have been converted into a wildlife sanctuary, the Nachal 'Amud Reserve, which is also used by Israelis for animal grazing and as a recreational area.