PLace

al-Jammasin al-Sharqi

Place
al-Jammasin al-Sharqi — الجَمّاسِين الشرقي
Known also as: Jammasin al-Sharqi
District
Lydda
Subdistrict
Jaffa
Average Elevation
25 m
Distance from Jaffa
9 km
Population
Year Arab Total
1931 395
1944/45 730
Land Ownership (1944/45) in dunums
Year Arab Jewish Public Total
1944/45 286 54 18 358
Land Use (1944/45) in dunums
Use Arab Jewish Public Total
Non-Cultivable & Built-up (Total)
Use Public Total
Non-Cultivable 18 18
18 18 (5%)
Cultivable (Total)
Use Arab Jewish Total
Cereal 40 40
Plantation and Irrigable 193 2 195
Citrus and Bananas 53 52 105
286 54 340 (95%)
Number of Houses (1931)
29

The village was situated about 5 km from the seashore on the central coastal plain and was bordered by marshlands. AI-Jammasin, the first part of the village name, was Arabic for 'buffalo breeders'; the second part, al-Sharqi, meant 'eastern' and distinguished it from the twin village of al-Jammasin al-Gharbi, to the west. All of the inhabitants were Muslims. They were originally nomads who had migrated from the Jordan Valley and who may have arrived in the area near the village site during the sixteenth century. Ottoman tax records for 1596 list Jammasin/Mazra'at Khashana as a 'tribe' in the nahiya of Bani Sa'b (liwa' of Nablus); its members paid taxes on goats and beehives. Judging from the absence of taxes on crops, it appears that the people of this mazra'a ('farm') may have specialized in short-distance herding and semi-nomadic tasks. By the eighteenth century, however, the people of Jammasin had settled in the area. Their typical form of housing, called a khus, was a conical or pyramidical hut made of logs and branches. Some houses, however, were built of adobe brick. The children attended school in the village of al-Shaykh Muwannis. The villagers earned their living primarily by raising buffalos, marketing the meat and milk in Jaffa and using the beasts as draft animals. In addition to animal husbandry, they cultivated citrus, grain and other crops. In 1944/45 a total of 53 dunums was devoted to citrus and bananas and 40 dunums were allocated to cereals; 193 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards. Some people from the village also worked in the outlying citrus groves, particularly the German-owned groves in Saruna.

AI-Jammasin al-Sharqi probably fell to Zionist attacks some time before the end of the British Mandate on 15 May 1948. By this time, Zionist forces were in control of the whole coastal area between Haifa and Tel Aviv (see Abu Kishk and al-Mas'udiyya, Jaffa sub-disctrict).

There are no settlements on village lands. However, development from nearby Tel Aviv has taken over the site.

Except for some rubble-strewn areas [where castor-oil (ricinus) plants and cypress, fig, and Christ's-thorn trees grow], the site has been almost entirely engulfed by the expansion of Tel Aviv. Several Arab houses still stand and have been incorporated into the grid of Tel Aviv's streets, along with the newer Jewish commercial and residential buildings.