PLace

Jarisha

Place
Jarisha — جَرِيشة
District
Lydda
Subdistrict
Jaffa
Average Elevation
25 m
Distance from Jaffa
7 km
Population
Year Arab Total
1931 183
1944/45 190
Land Ownership (1944/45) in dunums
Year Arab Jewish Public Total
1944/45 397 93 65 555
Land Use (1944/45) in dunums
Use Arab Jewish Public Total
Non-Cultivable & Built-up (Total)
Use Arab Jewish Public Total
Non-Cultivable 3 65 68
Built-up 3 1 4
6 1 65 72 (13%)
Cultivable (Total)
Use Arab Jewish Total
Plantation and Irrigable 89 15 104
Citrus and Bananas 302 77 379
391 92 483 (87%)
Number of Houses (1931)
43

The village was situated on a low hill on the central coastal plain, on the south bank of the al-'Awja River. It was linked to Jaffa and Haifa by the highway connecting the two cities. It was only 200 m from Tall Jarisha, an archaeological site dating to the Early Bronze II period (2800–2600 B.C.) In the Middle Bronze period (2000–1500 B.C.) the site became a fortified Hyksos town. The Philistine settlement that succeeded it dated to the twelfth century B.C. In 1596 Jarisha was a village in the nahiya of Bani Sa'b (liwa' of Nablus), with a population of 121. It paid taxes on buffalo, goats, and beehives. The village may have been called Jarisha (from the Arabic verb jarasha, 'to mill') because it was located near grain mills. In the late nineteenth century, Jarisha was a village built of adobe bricks and flanked by an olive grove. It had its own well and a mill (see photo).

The modern population was entirely Muslim. With its convenient location, near woods, and its cafes, parks, and gardens, the village attracted Jaffans who came for recreation. Its outline was rectangular and its houses were made of cement, stone, and adobe. The residents worked in service industries but also grew fruits and vegetables; in 1944/45 a total of 302 dunums of village land was devoted to citrus and bananas and 89 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.

The fall of Jarisha occurred some time before the end of the British Mandate on 15 May 1948 (see Abu Kishk, Jaffa sub-disctrict). It may have been affected by events in the adjacent village of al-Shaykh Muwannis. An earlier agreement between the villagers of al-Shaykh Muwannis and the Haganah to observe a truce in the area did not deter the Irgun Zvai Leumi (IZL) from striking at the community leaders. The IZL infiltrated into the village at the end of March 1948 and kidnapped five of the village leaders. The attack prompted a large flight of people from the surrounding coastal area (presumably including Jarisha).

There are no settlements on village lands, but Ramat Gan (133165), established in 1921, is very close by, southeast of the village. The land has been used for Israeli urban construction.

The site has been completely covered over by highways and suburban houses.